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Demand for Hybrids drives growth of Alternatively-Fuelled Vehicle sales in Western Europe in 2016

London, February 1st, 2017

Electrification and hybridisation of Western European powertrains continued in 2016 with total sales of AFV rising by 6.7% comparing to 2015 reaching just over 600,000 units. However, AFV penetration in Western European car sales remained at 4.5%, the same level as in 2015, according to data published by the ACEA.

Key findings:

  • Total sales of Alternatively-Fuelled Vehicles (AFV) in Western Europe (EU-28+EFTA) rose by 6.7% in 2016, driven by +28.8% growth in Hybrids
  • AFV sales amounted to 686,820 or 4.5% of Western Europe car sales in 2016; same as in 2015
  • Strong demand in hybrids (HEVs, +28.8%), PHEVs (+17.2%) and lower for Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs, +2.9%) compensated for the drop in sales of LPG+NGV+E85, (-19.6%) and Extended Range EVs+Fuel Cell EVs, (-23.0%).
  • HEVs accounted for 44% of AFV sales, followed by LPG+NGV+E85 with 26% and BEVs with 13%.
  • Italy leads AFV sales’ volume but the UK is the leader in Western Europe by sales’ volume of PHEV, Other ECV and HEVs
  • Norway leads AFV penetration with more than 10 times the W.Europe penetration


Italy leads AFV sales’ volume but Norway leads AFV penetration with 10x the W.Europe

Capt3ureRenault remained the BEV leader in Europe

ZOE heads the electric passenger car ranking with 21,735 registrations (up 16%) and Kangoo Z.E. the electric light commercial vehicle market with 3,901 vehicles sold, according to the brand.

1280px-Geneva_MotorShow_2013_-_Renault_Zoe_chargingChina remains the world’s largest EV market followed by the U.S.

Data for Chinese BEV and PHEV until Oct’16 from CAAM, China’s automotive association, show sales Jan-Oct sales of 258,000 and 79,000 units respectively. This gives the global EV lead in China with 337,000 ”new energy vehicles” and penetration in new car sales of 1.8%.

In the U.S, EV sales amounted to 159,139 in 2016, up 37.1% from the year before. Tesla led the U.S. EV market with Model S ranking 1st and Model X 3rd with 29,400 and 18,223 units respectively, according to data from insideevs.

BMW to offer 9 electrified models in 2017, up from 7 in 2016

Full-year sales of BMW electrified vehicles topped 62,000 in 2016, with the figures growing strongly through the year as more models were added to the line-up. The BMW Group now offers a total of seven electrified vehicles, the broadest range of any manufacturer. With the addition of the BMW 5 Series and the MINI Countryman plug-in hybrids in the coming months, the BMW Group will have nine electrified vehicles in its portfolio and is targeting electrified sales of 100,000 units in 2017.

New product launches from Jaguar and Mercedes-Benz

Mercedes plans to launch a new generation of electrified cars under the EQ brand starting with the Generation EQ, a high-riding SUV is planned to go into production in 2019. The German brand targets at least ten electric vehicles to wear the new badge by 2025 to compete with existing competition such as Tesla’s Model S and X, as well as the recently announced Jaguar I-Pace expected by late 2018, Audi’s e-tron and the much-anticipated Tesla Model 3.

Generation EQ, Exterieur
Generation EQ, Exterieur


For more information on this electric vehicle sales check our report on Automotive Powertrains.

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