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New Level 4 Autonomous Driving Regulation propels Germany to driverless mobility

New Autonomous Driving regulation in Germany aims to make the country the first in the world to bring driverless vehicles into everyday life

Germany’s new Autonomous Driving regulation legislation aims to put the country in the pole position of deployment of driverless vehicles on public roads on certain, fixed routes.

The new law covers the operation of vehicles with fully autonomous systems that fall under the “SAE Level 4” classification.

SAE Lv.4-Full automation describes the scenario where drivers can completely hand over vehicle control and monitoring to the Automated Driving System for specific driving scenarios under the Operational Design Domain of the systems, e.g. Lv.4-Parking Valet parking or Level 4-Driving Cruising Chauffeur.

So far, the only vehicles allowed to operate in Lv.4 Autonomous Driving are robotaxis from Waymo and others. In private car ownership, the highest level of autonomous driving available in the market is Level 3-Conditional Automation.

By the end of 2022, the operation of driverless vehicles will be possible for a maximum number of application scenarios. The autonomous driving regulation cites scenarios including small buses and logistics vehicles that can shuttle passengers and goods along predetermined routes.

“The new autonomous driving regulation act is the next key building brick to apply automated driving in practice, and to open up opportunities to use the technology in various mobility sectors”


The autonomous driving regulation aims to allow the deployment under the following application scenarios:

While AV testing is currently permitted in Germany, autonomous driving regulation would allow operations of autonomous vehicles without a physically present driver behind the wheel, in predefined operating areas.

Companies that are already conducting self-driving tests in Germany will gain an upper hand in Autonomous Driving commercialization

Mobileye received a permit in July 2020, to perform AV testing in German urban and rural areas as well as the Autobahn, at a regular driving speed of up to 130 kilometres per hour.

Mobileye’s converted test vehicles will test the functionality and scalability of Mobileye’s self-driving system (SDS) exclusively developed for MaaS and consumer autonomous vehicles.

VW, in collaboration with Argo AI, plans to implement Level 4-capable autonomous driving technology for self-driving vans

Together with VW, self-driving developer, Argo AI has been recently testing its driverless vehicles at the LabCampus innovation center at Munich Airport; the German automaker’s electric ID Buzz vans will use hardware and software developed by Argo AI.

The aim is to launch a commercial delivery and micro-transit service in Germany by 2025. Argo AI has recently unveiled its new lidar technology that integrates photorealistic imaging and light waves to detect objects from a distance up to 400 meters.

“Our goal is to enable commercial use in driving and delivery services with the autonomous version of the ID Buzz from 2025”

Christian Senger, division manager autonomous driving at VW Commercial Vehicles

Volkswagen plans to put the vans in service as a ride-sharing fleet under its mobility subsidiary MOIA.

In the U.S, the technology competition is in full swing between Silicon Valley and the Auto giants

In recent years, several U.S. states have implemented regulations regarding AV testing and deployment. In California, the world’s largest test area for autonomous vehicles. driving is not only taking place on test tracks, but also on highways. Recently, Chinese robotaxi startup became the eighth company to be granted a permit to test driverless vehicles in California cities; whereas Nuro has recently granted permission from the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to charge a fee and receive compensation for its driverless delivery service.

Google’ subsidiary Waymo and General Motors’ Cruise are racing for the pole position in AVs testing, as well as in driverless mobility services; in order to integrate autonomous driving into everyday life

By 2025, the group subsidiary MOIA is expected to be the first user of the self-driving ID. BUZZ AD. “Hamburg will be the first city to offer an autonomous ride pooling service with an ID. BUZZ ”, said MOIA’s managing director Robert Henrich.

The subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group MOIA provides mobility services at its Berlin and Hamburg locations and works in partnership with cities and local public transport providers.

Meanwhile, Cruise, the San Francisco-based robotaxi developer backed by General Motors, has been testing its fleet of specially outfitted Chevy Bolt EVs on the California roads since 2016.

Cruise has recently announced plans to expand its self-driving operations to Dubai, by 2023; according to the agreement signed between Cruise and the Dubai Roads and Transport Authority, Cruise will be the exclusive provider for self-driving taxis and ride-hailing services in the emirate, through 2029.

Setting its sights abroad for the first time after years of testing its self-driving vehicle technology in the US, Cruise is also planning to deploy the “purpose-built” vehicle for ride-hailing services, Origin; an all-electric, shuttle-like, self-driving vehicle that doesn’t feature any manual controls that would allow a human to take control in an emergency, such as pedals or a steering wheel.

Cruise Origin

Waymo and Cruise have dominated AV testing in California in the previous years, according to data provided by the California Department of Motor Vehicles.

To learn more about the progress of Autonomous Driving Regulation read our report “Regulatory Roadmaps to Level 3 – 4 Autonomous Driving, Automotive Cyber Security, V2X & AI”

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